A short history of Ulun Danu Bratan Temple could be known based on historical data and historical data contained in a papyrus (Palm-leaf manuscript/Palmyra) chronicle of Mengwi.
According to archaeological information located to the left of the front yard of Ulun Danu Beratan Temple, there’s a stone sarcophagus and a stone board that comes from megalithic tradition period, around 500 BC.
Both artifacts are now placed above each babaturan (terrace). It may be anticipated that the location of Ulun Danu Bratan Temple has been used as a place for conducting rituals because of the megalithic era in Bali island.
Ulun Danu Beratan Temple complex consists of five temples and also one Buddhism Stupa.
- Penataran Agung Temple
Could be seen upon entering the Candi Bentar (split gate) towards Beratan. The temple serves to adore the majesty of God in its manifestation as the Tri Purusha Shiva namely Shiva, Sada Shiva, and Parama Shiva to invoke the elegance of fertility, prosperity, human well-being and for sustainability of the universe.
- Dalem Purwa Temple
Inside this temple, there are 3 main shrines namely Pelinggih Dalem Purwa as a place to worship the goddess Durga and Lord Rudra revered as a source of wealth, Bale Murda Manik (Bale Pemaruman) as the place for discussion, and Bale Panjang as a place to put the offerings. The shrines within this temple are facing eastwards, located on the banks of the southern side of Lake Beratan.
- Taman Beji Temple
It serves to Ngebejiang ceremony (to purify the ritual paraphernalia) and to invoke Tirta (the sacred water). This temple also serves as a place for Melasti (Hindu Balinese purification ceremony) by the surrounding neighborhood.
- Lingga Petak Temple
It’s commonly called Ulun Danu Beratan Temple. This temple is also posted at IDR 50,000 banknotes, within this temple, there’s a sacred well that stores the Tirta Ulun Danu (the holy water of Ulun Danu). Not only that, but within this temple also contained a Lingga that has a white color, flanked by black and red stone.
- Prajapati Temple
It’s located under a big banyan tree. This temple functioned as a place of goddess Durga. This temple is facing to the west and became the very first temple discovered after visitors pass throughout the admission ticket’s counter to join the region of Lake Beratan.
- Buddhism Stupa
In the area of Ulun Danu Beratan, there’s also a Buddhism Stupa. The Buddha statue here indicates that the presence of the harmony in inter-religious life. This stupa is facing to the south and is located outside the primary region of the complex Ulun Danu Beratan Temple.
Ulun Danu Beratan Temple Bedugul Lake is quite famous for its beauty that became a favored tourist spot in Bali, around this place also have been outfitted with adequate accommodation like hotels, villas, restaurants, ample public park, and souvenir shops.